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This question is not related to the phenomenon of racism in its extreme ideals, such as the apartheid regime in South Africa, shortly after its collapse, or recent memories of the persecution of Negroes in the United States of America and elsewhere, or Israel, which still finds in its religious racism an ideological extension that leads It has a very important function. What the question relates to or implies is racism, a phenomenon that is too broad to be confined to a few places or situations. Is it more racist? When answering this end question, there is a difference between two points of view related to the difference in determining the beginning of this phenomenon: On the one hand, there are those who believe that racism is as old as human society, and present throughout history, because the hatred of other races is at the same time, there, On the other hand, those who believe that racism is a modern phenomenon, and that what ancient societies have witnessed are various forms of "ethnocentrism" Which differs from racism in many ways with regard to racism., Until this group is divided into two groups: The first is that racism has disappeared today after science has refuted its claims and proved its fragility, and that it no longer exists only in isolated and limited islands, and will not disappear. The second is that this phenomenon did not end, but rather changed its shape. What is striking these days is the shift in racism from the previous focus on biology, geography and climate, as a basis for explaining the inequalities between humans and justifying their classification in terms of variable value and gender, to focusing on culture (and religion in particular) as the basis for this interpretation and classification. There is no doubt that this transformation requires a renewed awareness of this phenomenon, not only in terms of history, structure, functions, work mechanisms, goals and objectives, but also in terms of its new forms and functions in changing and changing circumstances. The first is that racism has disappeared today after science has refuted its claims and proved its fragility, and that it no longer exists only on isolated and limited islands, and will not disappear. The second is that this phenomenon did not end, but rather changed its shape. What is striking these days is the shift in racism from the previous focus on biology, geography and climate, as a basis for explaining the inequalities between humans and justifying their classification in terms of variable value and gender, to focusing on culture (and religion in particular) as the basis for this interpretation and classification. There is no doubt that this transformation requires a renewed awareness of this phenomenon, not only in terms of history, structure, functions, work mechanisms, goals and objectives, but also in terms of its new forms and functions in changing and changing circumstances. The first is that racism has disappeared today after science has refuted its claims and proved its fragility, and that it no longer exists only on isolated and limited islands, and will not disappear. The second is that this phenomenon did not end, but rather changed its shape. What is striking these days is the shift in racism from the previous focus on biology, geography and climate, as a basis for explaining the inequalities between humans and justifying their classification in terms of variable value and gender, to focusing on culture (and religion in particular) as the basis for this interpretation and classification. There is no doubt that this transformation requires a renewed awareness of this phenomenon, not only in terms of history, structure, functions, work mechanisms, goals and objectives, but also in terms of its new forms and functions in changing and changing circumstances. What is striking these days is the shift in racism from the previous focus on biology, geography and climate, as a basis for explaining the inequalities between humans and justifying their classification in terms of variable value and gender, to focusing on culture (and religion in particular) as the basis for this interpretation and classification. There is no doubt that this transformation requires a renewed awareness of this phenomenon, not only in terms of history, structure, functions, work mechanisms, goals and objectives, but also in terms of its new forms and functions in changing and changing circumstances. What is striking these days is the shift in racism from the previous focus on biology, geography and climate, as a basis for explaining the inequalities between humans and justifying their classification in terms of variable value and gender, to focusing on culture (and religion in particular) as the basis for this interpretation and classification. There is no doubt that this transformation requires a renewed awareness of this phenomenon, not only in terms of history, structure, functions, work mechanisms, goals and objectives, but also in terms of its new forms and functions in changing and changing circumstances.


There is no doubt that sport has great advantages in developing physical fitness and physical building for young people, and reduces their free time with something useful and entertaining at the same time, but when sport becomes an "obsession" and fanaticism, it loses all its values, and its damages become more than just something.

One of the most important features of sports fanaticism is the reckless emotional drive of the football club or the national team, the accompanying riots and unfortunate events that we have always seen in the stadiums.

In this regard, FIFA adopted a draft resolution calling on football clubs, federations and administrators to take decisive measures to eliminate racism in the game.

FIFA President Sepp Blatter described this intolerance as a “terrible scourge prevailing all over the world” and delegates from more than 200 countries approved the draft resolution at the extraordinary conference in January 2001.

The issue was raised due to the spread of racism in European stadiums, with supporters of some clubs in Italy, for example, shouting slogans against black players, uttering racist phrases and waving banners with racist phrases and symbols before and during the 2000 soccer season.

The FIFA document calls on "all organizers of football matches to impose regulations prohibiting entry to the stadium from anyone participating or suspected of being involved in racist or violent acts, and banning any article conveying a message, statement or racist symbol."

The FIFA document calls for coaches and club managers to punish players involved in racist incidents on and off the field, and referees to tighten penalties for players or administrators for racist abuse.

A "marginal" football crisis between the German and British European brothers and sisters, the accusations with Brazilian friends, the disappointment after the great enthusiasm in South Africa, and the return to the real world in the Kingdom of Morocco .. These are some of the additional results that accompanied the announcement of the main result and were - as it spread. Around the world in a few minutes - to the benefit of Germany, who are just days away from their bitter defeat in the first round of the European Championship. But his victory was now the most important and important match in any match at the Green Stadium, which is the race or is at first the last round of the long race to host the World Football Championship, this time in the 2006 games, six years later Germany applied for the official appointment in July 1993. After I decided in November 1992 to run ..

To believe that this is a sincere expression of the public’s love for football is very naive .. Do not bear that the virginity of innocence lost the ball a long time ago, such as that the majority of sports, especially the "comprehensive", which was proposed through the World Championships for various "stocks" globalization Financial and economic development by many other areas of human relations, this space is not suitable for many people.

The migration of Arab sporting talents and skills to the West does not have a lesser impact on the athletic level, although external professionalism is a kind of temporary migration. However, we are talking about permanent immigration, which sometimes reaches the stage of naturalization, splitting the homeland, and what we mean here migration to Foreign countries instead of the West.

If some world sports stars have Arab roots or origins, such as the Algerian-born French football star Zinedine Zidane, the British-born and Yemeni-born world boxing champion Nassim Hamid, and German-born car driver Michael Schumacher, who is believed to be Algerian, were born or raised in the West as children. For families with children of two or more children

Is it a negative or a positive phenomenon? Will this phenomenon persist because they are unable to live, care, and give the opportunities they deserve, or for financial and social reasons?

If we see most Arab athletes heading to the West because of a lack of opportunities - if you will - first and foremost, for a very important reason that sport in Arab countries - despite the constant interest - has not reached the mark .. And this comes after other interests, such as interests Economic - if you will - or the interests of life, did not arrive .. unlike other countries that seek.

Why is the United States looking to involve Arab athletes? Just to confirm his name is included in the history of sports, whether Olympic or in many sports.

The thing that we do not look at with the same precision or with the same interest, other countries try to develop mathematically, and put their name in the history of sport, the thing that does not do that..We do not care much about it. This stage

As for Zidane, even his father now and his mother do not have the right - even in France now - to go to the polls in France, even if Zinedine Zidane represents France more than Algeria !! But perhaps it was a mistake from the Algerians who did not break Zidane on the day he came to Algeria, and put him on the reserve list, and thus he returned as Lamouche also the Tunisian, who lost by Tunisian football. As for my colleague and brother Mahmoud Kunduz, he said moments ago that he was in an Arab country in the Gulf that I know - and I do not want to mention that country - where he was only training children .. in .. for example, he could train a large team in the United Arab Emirates and even Algeria.:

Sports play two opposite roles: on the one hand, people are divided according to their colors, incomes, languages, ethnicities, and regions, and on the other hand, they are united in spite of these differences. Levy talked a lot about the years of dividing American sports clubs, in all games, into whites and blacks, then the abolition of black clubs and the beginning of black membership in the main clubs, which are the white clubs. He added that sport is one of the major factors contributing to social inclusion in the multi-ethnic, religious and multilingual American society. With Levy, dozens of sociologists have developed more detailed ideas about the role of sport in changing stereotypes about a particular race or religion, its role in changing the status of social classes, the definition of the values ​​that govern our lives, its role in defining the concept of the state, and the controls that govern the concept despite Much has been said about the role of sport in improving relations between whites and blacks in America. Sports played a major role not in increasing social integration in America, but in unifying America itself. American history only mentions baseball, the first popular sport, for its role in bringing together the first immigrants, in their western expansion, and in building the first nucleus of America as we know it today. Baseball is believed to have originated in the British game "rwander" (the origin of that would be the Pharaonic stone ball). During the Civil War, soldiers from the northern states spread the game to the southern states when they were defeated and toppled the racist Confederate states. When Americans colonized the Philippines in the early twentieth century, baseball spread, which helped unify the islanders' ethnically, religiously, and linguistically diverse populations. When the Americans defeated the Japanese in World War II, they spread the same sport there in order to consolidate American hegemony in Japan by "consolidating a kind of common values" through sport. In recent years, history has taken a full turn, and American baseball clubs have begun to import players from the Philippines and Japan. Now Klein, a professor of history at New York University, wrote in his book Sugar Ball that baseball had spread to the countries of the Caribbean with the spread of sugar cane cultivation (which is why the book was called). Whites, blacks, and Indians united in each state, and then alone in the Caribbean. Once again, history turned, and American sugar clubs began importing players from the countries of the Caribbean. Then another development occurred. Baseball in particular contributed to the social integration of whites and blacks. For the first hundred years, blacks were emaciated and not allowed to engage in any regular sporting activities. During the second century, after the abolition of slavery and the continuation of official segregation, blacks formed their own teams, in football, basketball and baseball, and the teams competed in black courts, qualified for the finals and won the annual championships. Over the past fifty years, after the official segregation was canceled, blacks began joining the white teams, and the black teams gradually disappeared. Jack Robinson became famous when he became the first Lions to play in Major League baseball in 1947, with the Brooklyn Nets (in New York) against the Boston Celtics. During the match, some spectators shouted racist insults at him, but it went down in history. Still in history, despite Hitler's nose and German Nazism, is the black runner Jesse Owens, who represented America at the Munich Olympics in 1936.

Explaining the kind of sport in which blacks excel, Ted Boyd, professor of sociology at the University of Southern California and author of Am I Black Enough ?, The house specializes in tennis, table tennis, golf, swimming and baseball. Blacks specialized in running (because they were not accustomed to luxury) and basketball (because they did not need wide fields, and blacks played on the streets of guests in their slums). He said that the black basketball star, such as Karim Abdul-Jabbar, Magic Johnson, and Michael Jordan “did not commit their teammate Larry Bird (white) from Boston, because he invaded their land.” Well, think of basketball and more sports complexes that helped social integration in America . Over time, for example, when Tiger Woods (a mix of white, black and Asian) ascended to the golf throne, he was joined by Indian Vijay Singh. Arthur Ashe became the first black, American and non-American, to win Wimbledon, in 1968, and won it again seven years later. Now black sisters Serena and Venus are competing for the throne of American and world tennis. The role of sport in social integration, however, is not limited to the American setting; Just as the Americans succeeded in exporting baseball to countries in Asia and the Caribbean, so the British succeeded in exporting cricket to some of their colonies. Cricket also contributed to the promotion of social integration in countries as diverse as ethnically, religiously and linguistically, as well as in strengthening relations between these peoples and Great Britain, even more than half a century after the end of their colonization. It also led to a major social movement in India, where the avoided classes or the poor and destitute were transformed into a "middle class" through their superiority in cricket. The British played the first official match of cricket in India in the mid-eighteenth century. In 1932, India joined the elite club along with Britain, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand and the West Indies. In his book The Story of Cricket, Ravis Shastry wrote that the game "not only united the Indians, despite their many divisions, but also contributed to the spread of patriotism, which was the beginning of their distraction from the British."

In 1952, Pakistan joined the elite club, which helped cricket improve its relations with India, after the civil war that divided it in 1947. During the wars between the two countries after the partition, the rivalries were frozen, then resumed after the end of the clashes. Although Pakistan came second behind India, it won when their team visited Great Britain and defeated the owners of the game. In Europe, African, South American and Arab footballers have occupied European clubs, as part of the ongoing integration process. Last year, when British and French teams competed for the European Cup, half of the players were black and brown. The British "Observer" newspaper said at the time that "the competition can be called European, but at the same time it has become global, with the rhythms and passes of the third world countries." "This is the new world order," she said. Forty percent of the players in European club competitions two years ago were non-European, including nine at Real Madrid, fifteen in Milan, Italy, nine in British Manchester United, seventeen in Ajax Amsterdam, six in British Arsenal and nine in Bayern German. Half of the Belgian pfren players were foreign, many of them Arabs from North Africa. A fan of the team said: "The fans are not comfortable with the Arabs, but they love their restaurant team."

In Russia, there are a large number of foreign players, but Africans are the most vulnerable, such as Prince Amoco, who played for Saturn against Dynamo Kiev in club competitions, and Dynamo Kiev fans bombed him with banana skins, calling him a "black son not a man" and "an African monkey

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